THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
The International Court of Justice shall be the principal judicial organ
of the United Nations. It shall function in accordance with the annexed Statute,
which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice
and forms an integral part of the present Charter.
All Members of the United Nations are ipso facto parties to the Statute
of the International Court of Justice.
A state which is not a Member of the United Nations may become a party to
the Statute of the International Court of Justice on conditions to be determined
in each case by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security
Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to comply with the decision
of the International Court of Justice in any case to which it is a party.
If any party to a case fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it
under a judgment rendered by the Court, the other party may have recourse
to the Security Council, which may, if it deems necessary, make recommendations
or decide upon measures to be taken to give effect to the judgment.
Nothing in the present Charter shall prevent Members of the United Nations
from entrusting the solution of their differences to other tribunals by virtue
of agreements already in existence or which may be concluded in the future.
The General Assembly or the Security Council may request the International
Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal question.
Other organs of the United Nations and specialized agencies, which may at
any time be so authorized by the General Assembly, may also request advisory
opinions of the Court on legal questions arising within the scope of their
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