THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
The Economic and Social Council shall consist of fifty-four Members of the
United Nations elected by the General Assembly.
Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, eighteen members of the Economic
and Social Council shall be elected each year for a term of three years.
A retiring member shall be eligible for immediate re-election.
At the first election after the increase in the membership of the Economic
and Social Council from twenty-seven to fifty-four members, in addition to
the members elected in place of the nine members whose term of office expires
at the end of that year, twenty-seven additional members shall be elected.
Of these twenty-seven additional members, the term of office of nine members
so elected shall expire at the end of one year, and of nine other members
at the end of two years, in accordance with arrangements made by the General
Each member of the Economic and Social Council shall have one representative.
FUNCTIONS and POWERS
The Economic and Social Council may make or initiate studies and reports
with respect to international economic, social, cultural, educational, health,
and related matters and may make recommendations with respect to any such
matters to the General Assembly to the Members of the United Nations, and
to the specialized agencies concerned.
It may make recommendations for the purpose of promoting respect for, and
observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.
It may prepare draft conventions for submission to the General Assembly,
with respect to matters falling within its competence.
It may call, in accordance with the rules prescribed by the United
Nations,international conferences on matters falling within its competence.
The Economic and Social Council may enter into agreements with any of the
agencies referred to in Article 57, defining the terms on which the agency
concerned shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations. Such
agreements shall be subject to approval by the General Assembly.
It may co-ordinate the activities of the specialized agencies through
consultation with and recommendations to such agencies and through
recommendations to the General Assembly and to the Members of the United
The Economic and Social Council may take appropriate steps to obtain regular
reports from the specialized agencies. It may make arrangements with the
Members of the United Nations and with the specialized agencies to obtain
reports on the steps taken to give effect to its own recommendations and
to recommendations on matters falling within its competence made by the General
It may communicate its observations on these reports to the General Assembly.
The Economic and Social Council may furnish information to the Security Council
and shall assist the Security Council upon its request.
The Economic and Social Council shall perform such functions as fall within
its competence in connexion with the carrying out of the recommendations
of the General Assembly.
It may, with the approval of the General Assembly, perform services at the
request of Members of the United Nations and at the request of specialized
It shall perform such other functions as are specified elsewhere in the present
Charter or as may be assigned to it by the General Assembly.
Each member of the Economic and Social Council shall have one vote.
Decisions of the Economic and Social Council shall be made by a majority
of the members present and voting.
The Economic and Social Council shall set up commissions in economic and
social fields and for the promotion of human rights, and such other commissions
as may be required for the performance of its functions.
The Economic and Social Council shall invite any Member of the United Nations
to participate, without vote, in its deliberations on any matter of particular
concern to that Member.
The Economic and Social Council may make arrangements for representatives
of the specialized agencies to participate, without vote, in its deliberations
and in those of the commissions established by it, and for its representatives
to participate in the deliberations of the specialized agencies.
The Economic and Social Council may make suitable arrangements for consultation
with non-governmental organizations which are concerned with matters within
its competence. Such arrangements may be made with international organizations
and, where appropriate, with national organizations after consultation with
the Member of the United Nations concerned.
The Economic and Social Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including
the method of selecting its President.
The Economic and Social Council shall meet as required in accordance with
its rules, which shall include provision for the convening of meetings on
the request of a majority of its members.
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